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引用本文:张文俊,张建成,陈锋,龚志强. 台州口岸进境近海小型国际航行船舶携带有害生物疫情调查[J]. 生物安全学报, 2018, 27(2): 133-138.
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台州口岸进境近海小型国际航行船舶携带有害生物疫情调查
张文俊1, 张建成2, 陈锋1, 龚志强3
1.台州出入境检验检疫局, 浙江 台州 318000;2.嘉兴出入境检验检疫局, 浙江 嘉兴 314000;3.浙江出入境检验检疫局, 浙江 杭州 310000
摘要:
[目的] 国际航行船舶可携带多种植物疫情,造成有害生物入侵。分析进境近海小型国际航行船舶携带有害生物疫情,能够为对该类船舶开展针对性检疫查验提供依据。[方法] 对台州口岸进境小型国际航行船舶的概况、食品舱卫生状况和携带有害生物种类、来源进行调查和数据分析。[结果] 2015-2016年调查了3193艘次船舶,共截获有害生物686种次,其中87.5%是昆虫类,截获比例最高时期为6-8月,55.9%的有害生物在干货类食品中截获,食品舱卫生差的船舶中有害生物检出比率为36.1%。[结论] 进境近海小型国际航行携带有害生物情况严重,有害生物的发生具明显的季节性,食品舱卫生状况与有害生物携带风险密切相关,应采取有效的检疫措施。
关键词:  近海小型国际航行船舶  船舶检疫  有害生物  调查  食品卫生
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-1787.2018.02.010
基金项目:浙江出入境检验检疫局科技项目(ZK201705)
附件
Pests carried by small internationally navigating ships in Taizhou port
ZHANG Wenjun1, ZHANG Jiancheng2, CHEN Feng1, GONG Zhiqiang3
1.Taizhou Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Taizhou, Zhejiang 318000, China;2.Jiaxing Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Jiaxing, Zhejiang 314000, China;3.Zhejiang Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310000, China
Abstract:
[Aim] Internationally navigating small ships can carry a variety of plant pests and lead to biological invasion. Investigation of pests in small international ships arriving to port can provide evidence for the need of quarantine inspection of these ships.[Method] The general conditions of small international ships in Taizhou port including the sanitary condition of their food cabins and the intercepted pest species and their sources were recorded and analyzed for their invasion potential.[Result] In total, 3193 entry ship-times were checked from January 2015 to December 2016. During inspections, 686 pest species were intercepted and 87.5% of them were insects. The highest rate of pest interception was between June and August. More than half (55.9%) of the pests were intercepted in dry food. 36.1% of ships with poor food cabin hygiene carried pests.[Conclusion] The situation of pests carried by small international ships was serious and the occurrence of plant pests exhibited seasonality. The sanitary condition of the food compartment was closely related to the risk to carry pests.
Key words:  inshore small international navigation ships  ship quarantine  plant pests  investigation  food hygiene