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引用本文:刘若思,徐淼锋,梁新苗,钟勇. 欧洲球螋的检疫[J]. 生物安全学报, 2018, 27(1): 73-76.
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欧洲球螋的检疫
刘若思1, 徐淼锋2, 梁新苗1, 钟勇3
1.北京出入境检验检疫局检验检疫技术中心, 北京 100026;2.珠海出入境检验检疫局检验检疫技术中心, 广东 珠海 519001;3.凭祥出入境检验检疫局, 广西 凭祥 532600
摘要:
北京出入境检验检疫局从美国进境旅客携带的石榴中检出欧洲球螋。了解欧洲球螋的基本特性,能为相关部门对其检疫鉴定提供参考依据。对欧洲球螋的相关文献进行了查阅和整理,详细介绍了欧洲球螋的分类地位、分布、形态特征及近似种等信息,我国出入境检验检疫部门对球螋属的截获情况,讨论了欧洲球螋的检疫意义。认为欧洲球螋在我国无分布且具有一定的入侵风险,口岸应对该虫引起足够的重视。
关键词:  欧洲球螋  外来有害生物  形态特征  检疫
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-1787.2018.01.012
基金项目:国家质检总局科技计划项目(2016IK300);国家质检总局科技计划项目(2016IK073)
附件
Quarantine of Forficula auricularia Linnaeus, 1758
LIU Ruosi1, XU Miaofeng2, LIANG Xinmiao1, ZHONG Yong3
1.Beijing Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau Testing Center, Beijing 100026, China;2.Zhuhai Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau Testing Center, Zhuhai, Guangdong 519001, China;3.Pingxiang Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Pingxiang, Guangxi 532600, China
Abstract:
European earwig Forficula auricularia Linnaeus, 1758 from Pomegranate and carried by an American passenger was intercepted and identified by plant quarantine lab of Beijing Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau. Understanding the basic characteristics of F. auricularia can provide basic reference for its identification and quarantine by the relevant departments. Reference specimens of European earwig were collected and analysed. The taxonomic status, distribution and morphological characteristics of F. auricularia were examined. The interception process of Forficula in China was reviewed. The importance of quarantine of the pest was discussed. F. auricularia does not currently occur in China but pauses a risk. More attention of this species should be paid by quarantine inspection departments.
Key words:  Forficula auricularia  invasive pest  morphological characteristics  quarantine