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引用本文:刘艳俊,王文正,李惠萍,吴福中,裴雪静,李春鑫,毛本前,高浩,张燕. 从进口塔吉克斯坦苹果上截获重要害虫橄榄片盾蚧[J]. 生物安全学报, 2017, 26(3): 209-214.
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从进口塔吉克斯坦苹果上截获重要害虫橄榄片盾蚧
刘艳俊1, 王文正2, 李惠萍1,3, 吴福中4, 裴雪静5, 李春鑫5, 毛本前1,3, 高浩3, 张燕6
1.山西检验检疫技术中心国家蚧虫检疫重点实验室, 山西 太原 030024;2.喀什出入境检验检疫局, 新疆 喀什 844000;3.山西出入境检验检疫局, 山西 太原 030024;4.惠州出入境检验检疫局, 广东 惠州 516006;5.山西农业大学, 山西 太谷 030801;6.太原机场出入境检验检疫局, 山西 太原 030031
摘要:
[目的]明确橄榄片盾蚧的形态特征并编制与近似种的检索表,收集整理橄榄片盾蚧的分布范围、寄主、天敌、生物学特性、经济重要性,为该蚧虫的防控措施提供依据。[方法]通过显微特征的观察和测量进行种类鉴定,研究橄榄片盾蚧的生物学及生态学相关资料。[结果]橄榄片盾蚧雌介壳长0.77 mm左右,雌成虫体长0.55 mm左右,体紫色,臀板黄色,触角瘤小且有一个弯曲的长毛,前气门有4个盘状孔,后气门无,有3对发达的臀叶,中臀叶最大,第二臀叶和第三臀叶相似,第四臀叶呈齿状凸起,围阴腺5群。[结论]橄榄片盾蚧繁殖能力强,寄主种类多,一旦入侵到未发生区,会对当地自然生态系统造成严重的危害。加强检验检疫是防治该虫的主要措施之一,生物、化学防治是治理该虫的重要方法。
关键词:  橄榄片盾蚧  形态特征  防控措施  检验  检疫
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2095-1787.2017.03.006
基金项目:国家质检总局科技计划项目(2005IK064,2016IK211)
附件
Imported insects Parlatoria oleae was intercepted on apple from Tajikistan
LIU Yanjun1, WANG Wenzheng2, LI Huiping1,3, WU Fuzhong4, PEI Xuejing5, LI Chunxin5, MAO Benqian1,3, GAO Hao3, ZHANG Yan6
1.Shanxi Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center of State Key Laboratory of Scale Insects Quarantine, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024;2.Keshi Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Keshi, Xinjiang 844000, China;3.Shanxi Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024, China;4.Huizhou Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Huizhou, Guangdong 516006, China;5.Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, Shanxi 030801, China;6.Taiyuan Airport Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030031, China
Abstract:
[Aim] To better understand how to control Parlatoria oleae (Colvee) invasion, its morphological characteristics were examined as well as its distribution, host, natural enemy, and biological and economic importance.[Method] Microscope analysis was used to examine the morphology and measure the species characteristics.[Result] Female shells of P. oleae was approx 0.77 mm, and adult female approx 0.55 mm. The body of P. oleae was purple, and the pygidium was yellow. There were small duct tubercles and a curve long hair. There were four lobes with the medial lobe being the largest, and the second and third lobes were similar. The fourth lobe was dentate and had 5 perivulvar pores.[Conclusion] With the high reproductive ability and the variety host, once P. oleae invade a new area, it can make serious damage to an ecosystem. Strengthening the inspection and quarantine is one of the main measures to prevent P. oleae, and biological and chemical measures are also important methods to control P. oleae.
Key words:  Parlatoria oleae  morphological character  control measure  inspection  quarantine